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Il leoncino che cresce: una similitudine elogiativa in Orazio Carm. IV 4 e Claudiano III cons. Hon.

digital Il leoncino che cresce: una similitudine elogiativa in Orazio Carm. IV 4 e Claudiano III cons. Hon.
Articolo
rivista AEVUM
fascicolo AEVUM - 2017 - 1
titolo Il leoncino che cresce: una similitudine elogiativa in Orazio Carm. IV 4 e Claudiano III cons. Hon.
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 06-06-2017
issn 0001-9593 (stampa) | 1827-787X (digitale)
€ 6,00

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In his panegyric for the third consulship of Honorius, Claudian compares the emperor, willing to fight alongside Theodosius, to a young lion that despises its mother’s nurture and goes hunting with its father. This simile shows verbal echoes of and structural parallels with an epic simile between a cub and the hero Parthenopaeus in Statius’s Thebaid. Nevertheless, significant differences may well be noted; for instance, while Statius draws his comparison in a tragic atmosphere, Claudian intends to extol Honorius’s bravery and indirectly to praise Theodosius. Horace’s simile between Drusus and a young lion in Carm. IV 4 has a similar function: his praise for Drusus is aimed at Augustus. Claudian recalls Horace’s ode also through the lexical reference fulva mater and the allusion to the growth of the cub’s teeth. Last, both Claudian’s and Horace’s poems could be considered as belonging to the epinician genre.

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