Profezia e millenarismo nel macolatismo lombardo ottocentesco
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Pavia, 1854. The dogmatic proclamation of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pious IX gives rise to a lively theological debate in the local Pavian clergy about the Pope’s prerogatives: on the one hand, a small group of priests are critical towards the papal right to proclaim ex cathedra truths of Faith, while on the other most Pavian clergymen support the Pope’s conduct. In order to put an end to a debate that has come to involve the whole Lombard clergy, in the 1885 the Bishop of Pavia Angelo Ramazzotti suspends four ‘maculate’ priests who have become the leaders of a group of believers opposed to the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. The suspension, followed by the excommunication proclaimed by the Roman Inquisition in 1857, doesn’t put an end to the protest, which generates a vast corpus of writing, both published and unpublished, from the 1880s on. The analysis of some of those writings and of their context may show how the anti-papal protest that had been troubling the Catholic world for centuries was interpreted during the Italian Risorgimento (the struggle for national unity).
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