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AEVUM - 2011 - 2

digital AEVUM - 2011 - 2
Fascicolo digitale
rivista AEVUM
fascicolo 2 - 2011
titolo AEVUM - 2011 - 2
editore Vita e Pensiero
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Monete romane forate: qualche riflessione su ‘‘un grand thème européen’’ (J.-P. Callu)
di Claudia Perassi pagine: 59 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: Holed ancient coins drew scholars’ attention from the seventeenth century onwards. Pierced coins are found all over the Mediterranean and European territory. A large use is attested in Merovingian Gaule and Early Medieval Europe. The goal of the paper is to study holed Roman coins starting from pieces found in archaeological contexts in Milan and in Cisalpine Italy (especially in Roman graves). A sample of 106 Roman perforated coins from recent numismatic auctions is also considered. Coins were drilled in many different ways: the number, size and setting of the hole/s can help to understand the use of perforated coins in Roman times.
Un Prisciano del sec. X con legatura antica nell’Archivio di S. Antonino in Piacenza
di Simone Manfredini pagine: 24 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: A fragmentary codex of Priscian’s Institutiones is extant in Piacenza, Archivio Capitolare di S. Antonino, Cass. 49, fr. 47. The Institutiones were copied by eight different scribes working side by side in a scriptorium north of the Alps in the 10th century. The MS margins contain a rich collection of glosses in part written by the same copyists of the text, in part by later hands. The codex apparently reached North Italy, where it was bound with dismembered leaves of a Missal, by the end of the 12th century or thereabouts. The Missal leaves, written in the Po valley, 11th century, show a text descending from the Sacramentarium Gregorianum and extended with formulas taken from the Gelasianum.
Pietro Damiani e la legittimità della liturgia dei solitari
di Alessandro Azzimonti pagine: 12 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: Peter Damiani’s Liber qui dicitur ‘Dominus Vobiscum’ (= letter 28) is a discussion about the lawfulness of mass celebrated by an eremite (solitarius). Damiani examines the liturgical formulas, their unbroken use by all the Church and their Biblical foundations, which are explained in detail and supported with logical reasoning. An inspection in the sources of the letter leads to find that the argument is against the canon law and thus to recognize, beyond the impressive rhetorical apparatus, that Damiani’s aimed at standing up for the eremits’ liturgical praxis, which had been prohibited by plenty of canonical texts. Such a concern fits well with Damiani’s claim of legitimation of the eremitical experience as he expressed in several writings.
Una lettera di Ugo di Fouilloy e il suo De claustro animae
di Franco Negri pagine: 15 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: In 1149 or 1150 Guerricus of Igny and the archbishop of Reims Samson of Mauvoisin put Hugo of Fouilloy up for prior of St Denis of Reims. But Hugo refused the election, and adduced reasons for his refusal in an apologetic letter addressed to an unidentified domno H. The letter is transmitted by eight manuscripts, and two of them have been written in Hugo’s lifetime, probably under his supervision. In all these MSS the letter is copied beside Hugo’s De claustro animae. A new argument is given for a datation of De claustro, book I and II, ante 1149. A critical edition of the letter is provided and its style and sources are investigated. A list of hitherto unknown MS witnesses of the De claustro animae is given at the end.
L’inedito lessico Ambrosiano ANTICEIR (C 222 inf., ff. 207r-208v): fonti e composizione
di Eva Villani pagine: 20 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: An unknown Byzantine lexicon is preserved in a manuscript datable to the end of the 12th century (Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, C 222 inf. [gr. 886], ff. 207r-208v). The author appears to have been working in Constantinople during the second half of the 12th century and shows personal acquaintance with Ioannes Tzetzes. The lexicon includes 751 glosses. A few lacunae in the text suggest that schedae could have been used to compile the glossary. Several sources are identifiable, the most frequently found are Aelius Herodianus, Epimerismoi, and Lexicon Tittmannianum. A selection of unusual and rare glosses is edited and discussed.
Una collezione di canoni, regulae e costituzioni in una miscellanea bolognese
di Giovanna Murano pagine: 28 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: MS Bologna, Biblioteca Universitaria, 1736, is a composite manuscript collecting four codicological units. The first one (ff. 1-48) offers Iulianus Pomerius, De vita contemplativa (late 12th century), followed by a selection of texts connected with the Bologna school of law: a series of canons on fast, rare constitutions of Frederick I Barbarossa, papal letters, the treatise De arbitris et iudicibus of the famous jurist Bulgarus. Annotations and texts in verse are added on the last flyleaf. The MS was in the library of the convent of San Domenico in Bologna (founded in 1218) during the Middle Ages, and apparently since the early 13th century.
Un ambasciatore di Federico II in visita alle piramidi: Berardo arcivescovo di Palermo (a. 1227)
di Giuseppe Mandalà pagine: 22 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: In the year 1227 an ambassador of the Emperor Frederick II came to Egypt and visited the pyramids of Ğīza and the ruins of Memphis. The mysterious person was also able to read an ancient Latin inscription and translated it into Arabic in the presence of distinguished Muslim scholars. The inscription can perhaps be identified with CIL, III/1, nº 21, later known to 14th and 15th century Western authors, and included in Latin descriptions of Aegypt (William of Bodensele, Ludolph of Suchem, Jean Adornes, Felix Faber). The story of Emperor Frederick’s ambassador is not transmitted by a Western source, but by an Arabic text, the Lights of the translunar bodies on uncovering the secrets of the pyramids of Ğamāl al-Dīn Abū Ğa‘far al-Idrīsī (d. 649/1251). The present study examines the historical and cultural context as well as the diplomatic preparations for the 1228-29 Crusade. For the first time the identity of the Swabian ambassador is unravelled: he was Berardus, archbishop of Palermo (d. 1252).
La Pieve di Brebbia e gli arcivescovi di Milano nel Duecento
di Gian Paolo G. Scharf, Luca Fois pagine: 18 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: The discovery in the State Archives of Milan of three unknoun documents of the years 1215, 1219, 1260, concerning both the parish of San Pietro of Brebbia and the archbishop of Milan, sheds new light on aspects of the history of the lower Verbano, an important area of the archbishop’s feudal possessions. The first part of the article describes the activity of the chapter of Brebbia in the late 12th and the 13th century, focusing on economical aspects and relationships with the local community. The second part examines the actions and competences of the archbishop’s officials in Brebbia during the 13th century, and provides evidence for the archbishop’s management of his lands, a topic which is little known due to the lack of documents. The edition of the three deeds concludes the essay.
"Si sequeris casum, casus frangit tibi nasum": la raccolta delle sorti del ms Ashmole 304
di Allegra Iafrate pagine: 32 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: A small manuscript, Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 304 (13th cent., ante 1259), written and illustrated by Matthew Paris, transmits a collection of six fortune-telling texts, known as sortes. The genre of the sortes and its development in time is discussed in the first part of the article; the second part focuses on the tipology and linguistical features of each of these tracts. The presence of untranslated or misunderstood Arabic, Hebrew and Romance terms is especially remarkable and suggests a circulation of these texts in the Mediterranean area during the Middle Ages. These sortes, officially prohibited, slowly became luxury items, eventually probably used also as passtimes.
Una testimonianza figurativa e brevi note sul carme Salve festa dies, quae vulnera nostra coherces (AH XV 5)
di Maria Laura Tomea Gavazzoli pagine: 20 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: Unusual scenes concerning Melchisedek, Abraham and John the Baptist, painted around 1250 by Byzantine painters on the vault of Parma Baptistery, show connections with themes of an anonymous Latin short poem. The poem appears for the Annunciation Day (25th March) in Guillaume Durand, Rationale (post 1286), but was first quoted by Bartholomew of Trento (1244-1246). The text gathers several events of the sacred history in a single liturgical, providential day: the Incarnation of Christ and his Passion, the creation of Adam, Melchisedek’s offering and others. The verse helps to understand the pictorial program displayed on the Baptistery Western wall, since in the 13th century this portion of painting received the light of the rising sun around 25th March. The origin of the poem, undoubtedly echoing contact with the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, is an open question. But its theme existed in the West in the 12th century, when Honorius Augustodunensis listed most of the holy events mentioned by the poem in the same connection with the Feast of the Annunciation. For this reason a Western (Latin) written source can be reasonably supposed behind this part of the Parma decoration.
Alle origini di un mito borghigiano: Gerardo Tintori e l’hospitale pauperum di Monza nei secoli XII-XIV
di Renato Mambretti pagine: 17 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: Gerardo Tintori, a layman, was the founder of a hospital in the small city of Monza at the end of the 12th century. Notarial deeds concerning this foundation and the later history of the hospital are discussed in this article. A few decades after the death of Gerardo (1207) documents, mentioning him always in connection with his hospital, give him the title of beatus (1230) and of sanctus (1247). In fact between the 12th and the 13th century a new model of holiness, deeply rooted in the city social life, became popular in Italy, namely lay persons devoted to charitable actions and to relief of the poor and the sick. The 14th-century Chronicon Modoetiense, written by Bonincontro Morigia, includes the first biography of Gerardo and attributes a great number of miracles to him. Besides, this Chronicon praises highly the veneration of saint Gerardo.
Questione di modelli: Petrarca, Gerolamo e lo Hieronymianus di Giovanni d’Andrea
di Benedetto Clausi pagine: 40 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: Two Petrarch’s letters (Familiares IV 15 and 16) are commonly taken into account for their autobiographical and apologetic aspects. The present article places them into the debate about the limits and characteristics of the academic knowledge (represented by the great jurist Giovanni d’Andrea) and its relationships with the new humanistic culture, with its myths and its models. Petrarch’s discussion and comparison between St Jerome and St Augustine has to be considered in this context: the two Fathers stand for two well-defined and basically opposite ideas of culture. In its Hieronymianus (BHL 3876), a multipurpose work, which is not only a hagiography or a florilegium, Giovanni d’Andrea shapes an image of St Jerome’s holiness and lays down methods and areas of its use for different purposes, from popular devotion to theology and to juridical culture. Attention is focused on the fourth section of the Hieronymianus, which has a particular importance in the textual history of Jerome’s work.
La memoria di Desiderio e Adelchi nella tradizione medioevale
di Gabriella Maroni pagine: 50 € 6,00
Abstract
SUMMARY: After the fall of Pavia (774), the Frankish historians and the Liber Pontificalis transmitted a totally negative view to the following centuries on the end of the independent Lombard kingdom, and this visibly influenced the description of king Desiderius and his son Adelchis in Italian authors, active in Carolingian Italy and in the autonomous Duchy of Benevento in the 9th and 10th centuries. The survival of Lombard traditions cannot be easily documented; Desiderius and Adelchis enjoyed a sort of revival in the Novalesa Chronicon (11th Century), but the reason of it is difficult to trace. Later on, Adelchis was to remain a secondrater; on the contrary, the figure of his father gradually underwent a change: although his antagonism to the Papacy was never forgotten, he gained a pious reputation. Several monastic sources invented legends, where Desiderius was celebrated for his great religious zeal and appeared as the founder of churches and monasteries, so that in the late Middles Ages noble families, such as the Visconti, regarded him as a worthy ancestor. But late-medieval genealogists could also draw material from French chansons de geste, like Aspremont (12th century), where Desiderius was portrayed as a Christian hero and on friendly terms with Charlemagne. On that ground the historians of Puglia and the Kingdom of Sicily deeply reshaped the historical memory of the last Lombard king.
Recensioni
pagine: 28 € 12,00
Annunzi bibliografici
pagine: 14 € 12,00
Libri ricevuti
pagine: 2 € 6,00
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