A Greek wife for an Indian king. Indological notes on the «Treaty of the Indus» (305-303 BCE)
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This paper focuses on the ‘Treaty of the Indus’, i.e., the peace pact between Candragupta Maurya and Seleucus I Nicator at the end of the fourth century BCE. Scholars are divided into those who consider such a treaty a peace pact sanctioned through dynastic marriage and those who consider it a pact allowing the celebration of intermarriages between Greeks and Indians. This paper defends the first hypothesis according to the Indian sources on dharma and artha. Dharmaśāstric texts never describe Greeks as foreigners but consider them part of a mixed class (and consequently part of the Brahmanical society). Therefore, no formal treaty allowing Indo-Greek intermarriages was needed. Furthermore, Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra supports peace pacts sanctioned through marriages with foreign kings, as sometimes happened in Ancient Indian history.
keywordsTreaty of the Indus, Candragupta Maurya, Seleucus I Nicator, Indo-Seleucid alliance, Indo-Greek contact
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