Roi Achille, roi Chiron: le rôle de l’écurie dans la construction de la figure chevaleresque de François Ier au début des années 1530
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Among the institutions of the king’s house, the stable is responsible not only for his daily transport but also for his military activities. It manages the acquisition and maintenance of horses, harness and weapons for its tournaments and military campaigns. Keeping with medieval tradition, it also welcomes pages sent to the Court to be raised beside the sovereign. This is where loyalties are created and maintained around the transmission of a noble ethos and a military education according to monarchical aspirations. This paper examines this relatively unknown institution in order to understand how its social, political and military functions were used to serve the material and symbolic policy of the Crown. It shows how the political and physical bodies of the king are combined in the figure of a King of War, both soldier and educator, father of arms and nobility, Achilles and Chiron.
keywordsFrancis I of France, sovereignty, war, chivalry, knighthood, power, symbolic power.
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