Herakles as a Weapon of War: Religious Discourses and Local Responses in Ancient Iberia during the Second Punic War
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This paper explores the religious discourses used in Hispania’s front lines during the Second Punic World and immediately afterwards, highlighting the significance of Herakles- Melkart as an ideological middle ground for Romans, Carthaginians and Iberian communities. We will pay attention to the ideological agendas of Romans and Carthaginians, both of whom resorted to gods in order to legitimise their political decisions. Besides, we will focus on the way Iberians reinterpreted those Carthaginian and Roman agendas, resorting to them as political negotiation tools both in times of war and in the construction of their political schemas and community identity during the troublesome 2nd B.C.
keywordsideology; hybridisation; Second Punic War; provincialisation; Hispania.
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