Venetus A e Ambr. B 114 sup.: due codici del medesimo copista e la loro storia
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SUMMARY: One and the same scribe copied MS Venetus A of the Iliad (Venice, Bibl. Marciana, Gr. 454) and MS Milan, Bibl. Ambrosiana, B 114 sup., with Gregory of Nazianzus. Both MSS are studied in their script (with a new method of majuscule letter percentage calculation), codicological structure and ornamentation. A probable common 12th-century owner and the later history of both codices are reconstructed (A in Norman Sicily, then – 14th cent. – in Terra d’Otranto; the Ambrosian Gregory in Epirus). The arrangement of the texts, critical remarks and scholia are explained. The two MSS do not reproduce similar antigrapha. A unites text of a late-ancient codex of Iliad with Apion-Herodoros’s hypomnema. There is evidence for a supervisor. On Apion and Herodoros: these names cannot be a forgery by Eustathius, but likely go back to the sixth century. The presence of Choiroboschus in the scholia of A is not proved; the latest author quoted is Orion. Both text and commentary to the Iliad derive from the activity of a Christian Neoplatonic school, presumably Alexandrian. A was assembled on the basis of schedae containing each the commentary on 25 verses, and is an instance of Costantine’s VII patronage. Inter alia: the writer and owner of the famous Ambr. C 222 inf. was a clerk of the Department of the Sea, who wrote a Patmian document in 1195. A new edition and translation of the philological epistle of the Anonymus Londinensis is given in the Appendix.
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